Types of logistics in supply chain management
Logistik & Supply Chain Management Studium
"Supply Chain Management umfasst die Planung und das Management aller Aktivitäten, die mit der Beschaffung, der Konvertierung und dem gesamten Logistikmanagement zusammenhängen. Wichtig ist, dass es auch die Koordination und Zusammenarbeit mit den Vertriebspartnern umfasst, bei denen es sich um Lieferanten, Zwischenhändler, Drittdienstleister und Kunden handeln kann. Im Wesentlichen integriert das Supply Chain Management die Steuerung von Angebot und Nachfrage innerhalb eines Unternehmens und unternehmensübergreifend."
Die Transportkosten sind durch die Liberalisierung und das Ausflaggen gesunken, daher spielt der Transportaufwand pro Volumen- oder Masseneinheit oft keine Rolle in der Planung. Insbesondere JIT-Systeme erzeugen aber zwei wesentliche Probleme in der Praxis:
What are the types of logistics?
Logistics can be divided into five areas: Procurement logistics, production logistics, distribution logistics, disposal logistics and recycling logistics. Procurement logistics deals with the flow of raw materials and parts.
Is logistics supply chain?
Strictly speaking, logistics is a part of the supply chain and thus a small piece in the big picture. Without logistics, the supply chain is not complete.
Supply chain logistics
Legal/organizational process flow for the procurement of materials and services based on information from requirements determination, procurement market research and purchasing policy. The ordering process is made up of several sub-processes. Through the requisition or...
entire process of order processing in e-commerce. It includes storage, picking, transport, delivery and, in some cases, payment for the goods, as well as after-sales service through to returns processing. It starts immediately after the order is placed. In addition to the above tasks...
Subtask in the logistics management process (logistics), which as an organizational structure involves the integration of logistics into the existing organization and as a process organization involves the material- and information-flow-oriented coordination of corporate processes. The traditionally decentralized...
obsolete term, today push system; 1. production: process organization principle in which the material to be processed is delivered to the workplace in a centrally planned manner. This requires special control measures in work preparation and production control as well as a...
Development of logistics from freight forwarding to supply chain management
In 1996, a Harland, provided another definition more focused on the network factor. He sees SCM more as the management of a network of companies that are interconnected. This network has the common background of being involved in the provision of the same products and services.
There is no direct training to become a supply chain manager. Economists and industrial engineers have the best qualifications. In most cases, professional experience in merchandise management and logistics is expected. Depending on the area in supply chain management, computer scientists, mathematicians or natural scientists are also in demand.
Supply chain management simply explained
The supply chain produces huge amounts of data. Data analytics is used to transform this data into valuable information that the company can use to improve its operations as well as plan strategically.
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42 Chopra, S. and P. Meindl. Supply chain management. Strategy, Planning & Operation. In C. Boersch and R. Elschen, eds. the summa summarum of management. Wiesbaden: Gabler, 2007, pp. 265-275. ISBN 978-3-8349-0519-2.